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Our work in the area of ​​Franchises and Distribution, leads us to assist and advise, both judicially and extrajudicially, to numerous franchising companies and also franchisees, having been part of the Committee of Legal Experts of the Spanish Association of Franchisors and having carried out the Legal Advice of the Aragonese Association of Franchisors.

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The franchise sector remains with an average litigation of 0.09%

The franchise sector remains with an average litigation of 0.09%

Published in Ok Jurídico , 07 - August , 2020 abogados franquicias Franchises of Spain

Según los datos de La Asociación Española de Franquiciadores, la negociación se mantiene como norma de entendimiento entre franquiciado y franquiciador, sector que se mantiene con un 0.09% de litigiosidad


El Comité de Expertos Jurídicos de la Asociación Española de Franquiciadores acaba de publicar la cuarta edición de “Observatorio Jurisprudencia de Franquicias en España”, un estudio que ofrece la realidad del sector de franquicia en cuanto al grado de litigiosidad analizado entre franquiciador y franquiciado durante los años 2008 y 2019.

El estudio único a nivel mundial sostiene que en el periodo analizado se dictaron un total de 517 sentencias, un 97,67% en Audiencias Provinciales con la suma de 505 sentencias y con un 2,32% en el Tribunal Supremo con un total de 12 sentencias.

El análisis establece el número de resoluciones dictadas se mantiene en una media estable produciéndose entre 39 y 46 resoluciones por año, con variaciones en los años 2008 y 2015 siendo este inferior a la media y, por otro lado, un considerable aumento del número de sentencias en los últimos dos ejercicios habiéndose dictado 57 y 56 sentencias en 2018 y 2019, respectivamente.


Según estos datos, se observa que el grado de litigiosidad en materia de franquicia es muy escaso manteniéndose con una media de un 0,09%. Con base en las sentencias analizadas se mantiene una tendencia de resoluciones favorables al franquiciador con un porcentaje del 67,72%.


Principales motivos de conflicto entre franquiciador y franquiciado


La cuarta edición del “Observatorio de la Jurisprudencia de Franquicias” sostiene una valoración relativa a los conflictos entre las relaciones de franquiciador y franquiciado, por el cual, según el propio informe ha permitido segmentar en seis cuestiones principales el objeto del litigio.


With indifference, which of the parties has initiated the procedure, both franchisor and franchisee, since according to the AEF, in most cases the defendant reconvenes and it is finally the franchisor must prove the three main obligations that make up the contract, such as the transfer of distinctive signs or brand, transmission of know-how and training and assistance regarding the franchisee's business model. Another characteristic question regarding the obligations related to the franchise contract revolves around the profitability of the specific business.

Regarding the issues subject to prosecution according to the most recent resolutions, they have to do with (i) the nullity of the franchise contract due to defects of consent; (ii) nullity of the contract due to lack of purpose and failure to comply with the duty of registration in the Franchisor Registry; (iii) failure of the franchisee to pay royalties; (iv) breach of the franchisee due to violation of the post-contractual non-competition clause; (v) breaches of the franchisee due to the commercialization of products or unauthorized suppliers; (vi) breaches of the franchisor for not providing technical assistance.

The proper functioning of the franchise is the result of a convergence of interests between the franchisor and the franchisee, from the first position it shows the opportunity to expand the business efficiently and quickly, and which also represents an economic advantage due to the deduction of expenses and capital risk. And compared to the position of the franchisee, it is deduced as a business opportunity from an already exploited model. The average duration of the franchise business is usually five years.

According to the latest data from December 2019 in Spain there are 1,381 franchises being the engine of more than 73,000 businesses that operate under this system, this figure has increased by 0.36% compared to data from the beginning of 2019 in which the system was formed by 1,376 franchise networks.

On the other hand, as indicated by the data for the end of the year in 2019, the turnover of the sector a has fallen by 5.9% with a total of 26,154.3 million euros compared to the 27,707.2 million recorded at the end of the 2018 financial year.

El sector de la franquicia se mantiene con una litigiosidad media del 0,09%

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